As published in July/August BayBuzz magazine

On the first Saturday of bar freedom after Covid 19 lockdown, Wellington’s Courtney Place is closed to vehicles, making it easier to keep the 2-metre distance rule while walking the strip.

It’s midnight, and as I stroll, the unmistakable smell of cannabis drifts my way. Outside The Malthouse I see a man accepting a roll-up cigarette from his companion. They’re obviously sharing a joint.

I catch the man’s eye, and teasingly sniff the air.

“Wanna puff bro?” he says, offering.

“Thanks man, love to,” I say, keeping my distance, “Can’t smoke anymore.” I tap my chest, and fake a cough. But it’s true. After forty years of smoking tobacco, often sprinkled with cannabis, my lungs can’t take any more.

Coming towards us are two police officers. They will have seen, as I did, the men having a toke, but as the cops pass by, they simply nod their heads and carry on their way, taking the soft approach to enforcing the law on cannabis, as Police have been mostly doing for years.

It might have been different, however, if the lads sharing a joint were Māori, who in 2019 data represented 44% of low-level drug offenders, while comprising 16% of the population.

The up-coming referendum on the proposed Cannabis Legalisation and Control Bill is recognition of the current situation.

“Kiwis are going to smoke cannabis no matter the law,” says former Prime Minister Helen Clark, and, “Isn’t this a waste of the justice system’s time and money? Haven’t the Police got better things to do? Aren’t we better to face the reality that 80 per cent of Kiwis are going to try this at some point in their lives?” she told Stuff on 3 September 2019.

Clark is recognising each year we spend around $200 million and over 300,000 Police hours on cannabis enforcement and convictions, resources better employed to protect the public from serious crime.

The title of the Bill reveals its purpose: to control the use of cannabis, similar to the way the State controls alcohol and tobacco, the main features being:

  • A legal age of use and purchase of 20. Unlike alcohol, cannabis will not be consumed
    under the legal age, even with parental permission and it will be an offence to provide it to someone under 20.
  • Regulation of the potency of cannabis products.
  • A state licensing scheme for all stages of cannabis production and manufacture.
  • The restriction of the consumption of cannabis to private homes and specifically licensed premises.
  • Restriction of sales to licensed physical stores only – no online sales.
  • The inclusion of health and harm minimisation messaging in the marketing and retailing of cannabis.
  • Recognition of and permission for “social sharing” of small quantities of cannabis among people of legal age.
  • Regulated sale of cannabis plant and seed for home cultivation, “including the requirement to keep children and underage individuals safe”.
  • Regulated sale of both edibles and cannabis concentrates. It will be legal to make your own edibles at home – but not your own concentrates, because the process is dangerous.
  • A complete ban on cannabis advertising and restrictions on marketing.
  • No importation of cannabis unless by a government-licensed wholesaler for the current market “to minimise the consequence of an illegal trade.”

Minister of Justice, Andrew Little, has stated that: “The primary objective of the legislation is to reduce overall cannabis use and limit the ability of young people to access cannabis.”

The cynical side of me says: “Good luck with that.”

Youth have always been able to access cannabis if they really want to.

My first joint was at school on a Sunday afternoon in 1971 supplied by another boy. I was seventeen. All I can remember is laughing a lot, and later pretending to be sick, so I didn’t have to read the lesson at evening chapel.

Being more interested in high level fitness and athletics than ‘getting high’ with substances, a few years passed before smoking cannabis became a habit. By then I’d finished Uni and was working at Auckland City Council, and me and fellow trainees, Peter and Richard, would regularly meet on the roof of the Council building to share a spliff at morning tea break.

Peter moved to Australia and we lost touch, but from afar I’ve witnessed Richard rise to the top of his career, nurture a family, be active in community, and all this time, over 40 years, he’s been a regular cannabis user. He grows his own in a carefully-tended vegetable garden, including fruit trees and vines.

And Craig, another friend from the same time, Auckland 1976, who much preferred Buddha sticks to home-grown, is a school Principal with an excellent reputation. These days he smokes pot on holidays and weekends, and despairs at inconsistency of supply. He dare not grow his own for fear of losing his job.

Normalising cannabis, because it is normal for many, is a positive of the referendum

Craig will be legally allowed to grow up to four plants, as Richard has done for years, now unrestrained to cultivate primo clones. They can gift up to 14 grams to friends but selling cannabis is strictly restricted to Government-approved outlets.

I don’t know how Richard educated his now adult children about his cannabis use, or if he tried to hide it, as so many parents of my generation chose to do.

I did, until I found a bong (cannabis pipe) under a bed, when cleaning up after a sleep over.

My daughter was up front saying the bong belonged to a boy, and that she didn’t like smoking weed. One of her friends boldly declared she much preferred alcohol, and cannabis was more ‘a boy thing.’ A discussion followed, and the girls talked about the boys they knew who smoked a lot, soon loosing motivation to study and play sport, some leaving school as soon as they could, and some becoming depressed and seriously withdrawn.

We know cannabis use by youth can ruin lives. There is ample research confirming inhibition of brain development, and young users developing mental health problems, which can lead to tragic outcomes.

I have a friend whose routine was to finish his working day with a glass of wine and a joint. He didn’t hide, but he didn’t explain. His son first raided his stash when 14 years old, and my friend didn’t suspect until it was too late. His son was addicted to meth by 18, and dead by his own hand before his 21st birthday.

The age restriction of 20 for purchase of cannabis is backed up with harsh penalties for those who supply to under-aged – up to $150,000 fine for a business or four years jail for an individual.

A person under-age found in possession of cannabis will not lead to a conviction. Rather they will receive a health-based response such as an education session, social or health service, and possibly pay a small fee or fine.

This is a major feature. Youth cannabis use is being treated as a health issue, not a crime.

“We don’t want to criminalise a younger offender, but we do want to criminalise those seeking to exploit or take advantage of young people,” Justice Minister Andrew Little told the Herald.

Funding for cannabis education, prevention and treatment will come from licence fees and taxes estimated to be in excess of $400 million per annum.

It helps that Andrew Little is on record as being a communicative parent, so he knows young people have ready access to all drugs, pretty much in equal measure, be it cannabis from a tinny house, booze bought by a mate with ID, or meth exchanged for cash in McDonald’s car park, no ID required. And today’s favourite drug with party/dance culture, youth and older, MDMA, is readily purchased on-line with the Snapchat app.

In New Zealand, only alcohol and tobacco are controlled and taxed, with recognition they cause serious health issues for some users. Advertising is restricted, harm prevention and treatment initiatives are offered.

The referendum is about treating cannabis in the same way, with the emphasis on harm reduction to our youth, decriminalisation for adult users, and offering help for addiction, same as alcoholism.

Implementation of legislation will be undertaken by the Cannabis Regulatory Authority. They will grant licences to growers and retail suppliers, who can’t be both. And the picture seems to be that retail outlets will be cannabis ‘coffee shops’ where customers can consume, and purchase up to 14 grams of product, as well as plants for growing at home.

My fellow pensioner friends who still enjoy cannabis, but no longer smoke, make edibles – costini and cookies – from concentrated butter reduction.

Hopefully after the General Election on September 19, it won’t be illegal for me to tell them …

“It is essential to toast the chopped cannabis in the oven before adding to the melted butter. Then simmer gently for an hour, or more. Sieve, pour into jars, and keep in the fridge.”

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1 Comment

  1. Take off those rose tinted glasses. . Unfortunately the policy we are about to vote on is deeply flawed. Legal cannabis retail outlets if they are to be successful in eliminating the illegal traders must compete on price. For example Washington, which legalized in July 2014, cannabis bud prices peaked only 1 month after legalization and fell from $23.00/gram to only $5.00/gram by late 2017. The overall effect has been to increase the supply and participation of consumers.
    With a government condoned distribution system and the ability to grow at home there will be an overall increase and acceptance of cannabis as a safe recreational drug especially amongst the more vulnerable 12 to 24 age group. The American National Survey on Drug Use and Health (“NSDUH”) asked users how they most recently acquired cannabis. Among past-month users under age twenty-one, nearly all (88%) accessed from friends or family.
    Using Colorado as an example Marijuana related traffic deaths increased 153%. Marijuana use age 12 and older increased in an upward trend over the period 2006 to 2016. Marijuana related hospitalisations showed a steady increase from 575 per 100,000 to 3517 per 100,000 during the period 2000 to 2016. Emergency Department visits increased along with child poisonings from marijuana edibles.
    The smoking of cannabis adds the usual health respiratory and cancer costs associated with smoking as well as many mental health problems including anxiety, depression, as well as psychosis, and suicidal thoughts.
    With increased participation in the consumption of cannabis comes an increased health cost.

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